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    Title: Time and Illness in Persuasion
    Other Titles: 《勸服》中的時間與疾病
    Authors: 吳易道
    Wu,Yih-Dau
    Contributors: 英文系
    Keywords: 疾病敘述;勸服;時間;疾病;身心關係
    illness narrative;Persuasion;time;illness;the body-mind relationship
    Date: 2010.12
    Issue Date: 2013-12-13 16:07:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 疾病敘事提供了文學與醫學對話的空間。病人的文字記錄著他們對時間的觀察,醫生的診斷分析著疾病如何影響人的身心狀態。本文嘗試以疾病論述的觀點閱讀珍•奧斯汀的晚期小說《勸服》,檢視奧氏如何探索此一次文類中的兩個重要元素:時間與身心關係(the body-mind relationship)。十九世紀初的英國社會對時間與疾病的觀點呈現有趣的雙重性(duality)。奧斯汀超越此二元對立的侷限,以更敏銳的思維詮釋時間與疾病的互動與交涉。《勸服》中的疾病起因於人在時光中的錯置(displacement/misplacement),但時間卻也同時是唯一的解藥。奧斯汀認爲病患常常活在自己的象牙塔中,他們之所以無助乃因旁人無法了解其獨特的時間觀,也因爲生病的感受難落言銓。時間與疾病縱然帶來孤寂與傷痛,但它們亦爲蛻變成長的契機。時間與疾病的力量不只作用在人的身心,它更隱含了靈魂存在的必要性。奧氏此一觀點回應了當代科學與神學對生命起源的辯論。《勸服》是一虛構的疾病敘事卻也真實地反映其作者的疾病。病魔纏身的奧斯汀自知來日無多。因此她藉由書寫來砥礪自己,來重新審視健康的定義。
    Illness narrative enriches and informs both literary studies and medical researches. This essay attempts to interpret Jane Austen`s last completed novel Persuasion as an illness narrative, involving both her creative efforts and real-life struggle. Early nineteenth- century England witnessed an engaging dichotomy in the conception of both time and diseases. In Persuasion, Austen interconnects time and illness, not least by exploring their causal and mutual-reinforcing relationship. This relationship leads Austen to ponder on humans` predicament given their susceptibility to the (joint) power of time and illness and to postulate possible solutions. If humans` bodies and minds are vulnerable, Austen implies, their souls are not. Austen`s hypothesis of the existence of the soul represents her participation in the contemporary scientific and theological debate concerning the origin of life. A fictional illness narrative in essence, Persuasion nevertheless reflects its author`s declining health. Through writing on illness, Austen seeks to mentally fortify herself when all medication proves ineffectual and to redefine health.
    Relation: NTU Studies in Language and Literature, 24,133-153
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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