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    Title: 英國與臺灣校長評鑑制度之比較研究
    A Comparative Study on Principals’ Evaluation in the United Kingdom and Taiwan
    Authors: 施佩吟
    Contributors: 湯志民
    施佩吟
    Keywords: 比較研究
    校長評鑑制度
    comparative method
    principals’ evaluation
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-04-01 10:11:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在進行英國與臺灣校長評鑑制度之比較研究,俾供政府部門、校長評鑑專責機構及校長做為之參考依據。為達成上述目的,本研究採用文件分析法與比較研究法為研究方法,蒐集英國與臺灣校長評鑑制度之相關文獻進行研究,以進行兩國校長評鑑制度之比較,並依據研究發現提出結論與建議。
    綜合研究結果歸納出以下結論:
    一、兩國皆針對校長相關評鑑立法,顯示兩國對於校長評鑑的重視程度。
    二、英國與臺灣校長評鑑之實施目的皆確保校長辦學績效與專業成長。
    三、英國校長評鑑專責機構為財團法人,臺灣校長評鑑專責機構為學術研究機構。
    四、英國與臺灣校長評鑑前的訓練皆重視所有之參與人員,並根據評鑑的特性進行訓練:臺灣校長評鑑前的訓練包含評鑑的經驗分享,英國校長評鑑前的訓練包含其他校長們感興趣的議題講座;由於兩國在訓練時所花的時間不相同,經費也會有所差異。
    五、兩國參與人員皆包括外部專家與校長,臺灣校長評鑑中的教育主管人員有參與,英國則未參與。
    六、兩國校長評鑑召開之會議次數差不多;評鑑過程中,英國重視未來目標設定與檢核,臺灣重視校長辦學現況與提出建議。
    七、臺灣校長評鑑指標包含六大層面與各六項指標,校長可以選填指標做為自評的內容,臺灣校長評鑑指標較英國深入明確,並較有選擇性;評鑑報告英國全以質性描述校長績效,臺灣則以質量並陳。
    八、兩國校長評鑑結果皆為校長促進辦學績效與提升專業成長;英國校長評鑑結果做為調薪之依據,臺灣則根據結果提交專業成長報告書。
    九、臺灣校長評鑑針對「改善後通過」的校長先由教育主管人員進行改善訪視,未能通過再由專責機構負責輔導追蹤評鑑;英國則是透過每年評鑑來檢討校長的辦學現況與改善情形。

    本研究依據上述結論,分別針對教育行政主關機關、校長評鑑專責機構、校長及後續研究等四方面提出相關的具體建議,以供英國與臺灣兩國教育決策人員參考。


    關鍵詞:比較研究、校長評鑑制度
    This research mainly focuses on the comparative study on principals’ evaluation in the United Kingdom and Taiwan, and will be provided into the public sectors, institutes that are responsible for the principals’ evaluation, and principals for the references. The research methods are document analysis and comparative method. By collecting the related documents in the United Kingdom and Taiwan and comparaing the systems of these two countries bring out the conclusions and suggestions based on the reseach findings.
    The conclusions derived from the research findings:
    1. Both the United Kingdom and Taiwan legislated for the principals’ evaluation, and the enactment of the law shows the importance to the countries.
    2. The purposes of the principals’ evaluation in the United Kingdom and Taiwan are to ensure the principals’ school performances and professional developememt.
    3. The institute that is responsible for the principals’ evaluation in the United Kingdom is an independent consortium Corporate bodies; the institute that is responsible for the principals’ evaluation in Taiwan is academic research institute.
    4. They value all the participants in both the United Kingdom and Taiwan, and provide the training programs based on the characteristic of the evaluation. In Taiwan, it concludes the experience sharing; in the United Kingdom, it has the workshop which the principals are interesting in. The difference in the length of the training programs makes the costs different.
    5. The participants in the United Kingdom and Taiwan are included extra advisers and principals. In Taiwan, it also has educational authorities during the evaluation, but it doesn’t in the United Kingdom.
    6. The numbers to have meeting in both countries are similar. In the evaluation, it puts more stress on future targets and examinations in the United Kingdom, and on the other hand, it brings out suggestions based on the principals’ school performances.
    7. In Taiwan, it has 6 levels and 6 indicators for each level. Principals choose indicators in each level as self-evaluations. The design for the levels and indicators in Taiwan is more considerate and selective than in the United Kingdom. The reports in the United Kingdom are presented in qualitative description; the reports in Taiwan are presented in both qualitative and quality description.
    8. The principals’ evaluations in the United Kingdom and Taiwan are for boosting school performances and enhancing professional development. In the United Kingdom, results of the principals’ evaluation are used for the adjustment of the salary; in Taiwan, principals should hand in the professional development reports based on the results.
    9. As to the principals who pass after remedy, the staff belonged to administrative authorities for education will have some visits for the improvements. In Taiwan, if the principals will not pass after the visits, the institute will take over the evaluations of the guidance; in the United Kingdom, the evaluations are held every year to examine the principals’ performances and the improvements.
    Based on the conclusions on the research, there are several suggestions provided for educational authorities, institutes for the evaluation, principals and the operation of the principals’ evaluation in the future.


    Key words: comparative method, principals’ evaluation
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    教育行政與政策研究所
    101171012
    103
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0101171012
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[教育行政與政策研究所 ] 學位論文

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