《臺灣日報》在一九三七年發行於台南。其晚報第四版刊載許多學藝方面的記事，雖然版面上並沒有標出任何欄名，但實質上稱之為「學藝欄」並不為過。因此，本文為行文方便，將《臺灣日報》晚報第四版稱做「學藝欄」。本文擬對《臺灣日報》「學藝欄」所載文學相關資料及其概況，做一初步性介紹，並通讀此發表園地中台灣居住者所撰寫文章，歸納梳理其登載傾向及特色。首先，本文對該報「學藝欄」發行始末、原件收藏狀況、「學藝欄」主編岸東人的背景以及版面構成等做一明確調查，接著探討「學藝欄」在台主要投稿者之執筆傾向，指出他們將台灣視為學問研究或文藝創作的主題，此外，就文類而言，隨筆是主流，且短歌創作比較盛行，但小說卻全然不興盛。本文認為該報「學藝欄」給四○年代初南部台灣的文藝活動帶來影響，並對同時期以台北為中心的台灣全島性文化繁榮有所貢獻，尤其該報主編岸東人的幕後功臣角色也不可忽視。 The Taiwan Daily was published in Tainan in 1937. The fourth page of its evening version reported many cultural and literary events. Though not labeled as such, it was in effect a culture and literature column. For convenience’s sake, I shall call the fourth page of the Taiwan Daily as “Culture and Literature” column. This article intends to describe the background and circumstances of the literature works printed on the Culture and Literature column; in addition, through comprehensive reading of Taiwan resident writers’ works, to infer the trend and style of the column. I will first examine the history of the Culture and Literature column, collection of the copies of newspaper, the biographical background of its editor-in-chief, Kishi Tôjin, as well as the column’s layout. Secondly, I will explore the creative inclination of these writers and point out that Taiwan being the theme of their academic research or creative writing. As for the genres, essay was the mainstream. While the Japanese poem tanka（短歌）flourished, fiction was less popular. This article maintains that the Culture and Literature column influenced the literary activities of Southern Taiwan in the early 1940s. The column also contributed to the island-wide cultural boom that was centered on Taipei. Its editor-in-chief Kishi Tôjin’s role is especially of critical importance.