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    题名: 使用光束調整法與多張影像做相機效正與三維模型重建
    Using bundle adjustment for camera Calibration and 3D reconstruction from multiple images
    作者: 蔡政君
    Tsai, Jeng Jiun
    贡献者: 何瑁鎧
    Hor, Maw Kae
    蔡政君
    Tsai, Jeng Jiun
    关键词: 影像處理
    極限幾何
    對應點
    補綴面
    再投影誤差
    image processing
    epipolar geometry
    corresponding points
    sparse bundle adjustment
    patch
    normalized cross correlation
    reprojection error
    日期: 2009
    上传时间: 2016-05-09 15:29:03 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 自動化三維建模需要準確的三維點座標,而三維點的位置則依賴高精度的對應點,因此對應點的尋找一直是此領域的研究議題,而使用稀疏光束調整法(SBA:Sparse Bundle Adjustment)來優化相機參數也是常用的作法,然而若三維點當中有少數幾個誤差較大的點,則稀疏光束調整法會受到很大的影響。我們採用多視角影像做依據,找出對應點座標及幾何關係,在改善對應點位置的步驟中,我們藉由位移三維點法向量來取得各種不同位置的三維補綴面(3D patch),並根據投影到影像上之補綴面的正規化相關匹配法(NCC:Normalized Cross Correlation)來改善對應點位置。利用這些改善過的點資訊,我們使用稀疏光束調整法來針對相機校正做進一步的優化,為了避免誤差較大的三維點影響到稀疏光束調整法的結果,我們使用穩健的計算方法來過濾這些三維點,藉由此方法來減少再投影誤差(reprojection error),最後產生較精準的相機參數,使用此參數我們可以自動化建出外型架構較接近真實物體的模型。
    Automated 3D modeling of the need for accurate 3D points, and location of the 3D points depends on the accuracy of corresponding points, so the search for corresponding points in this area has been a research topic, and the use of SBA(Sparse Bundle Adjustment) to optimize the camera parameters is also a common practice, however, if there are a few more error 3D points, the SBA will be greatly affected. In this paper, we establish the corresponding points and their geometry relationship from multi-view images. And the 3D patches are used to refine point positions. We translate the normal to get many patches, and project them into visible images. The NCC(Normalized Cross Correlation) values between patches in reference image and patches in visible image are used to estimate the best correspondence points. And they are used to get better camera parameters by SBA(sparse bundle adjustment). Furthermore, it is because that it usually exist outliers in the data observed, and they will influence the results by using SBA. So, we use our robust estimation method to resist the outliers. In our experiment, SBA is used to filter some outliers to reduce the reprojection error. After getting more precise camera parameters, we use them to reconstruct the 3D model more realistic.
    參考文獻: [1] Al-Hanbali, N. and B. Sadoun, “3D GIS Modeling of BAU: Planning Prospective and Implementation Aspects”, IEEE/ACS International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications, pp.566-571, 2007.
    [2] Bouguet, J.-Y., Camera calibration toolbox for matlab.
    [3] Furukawa, Y. and J. Ponce, “Accurate Camera Calibration from Multi-View Stereo and Bundle Adjustment”, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp.1-8, 2008.
    [4] Furukawa, Y. and J. Ponce, “Accurate, Dense, and Robust Multi-View Stereopsis”, IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007.
    [5] Furukawa Y. and J. Ponce, PMVS (http://wwwcvr.ai.uiuc.edu/~yfurukaw/research/pmvs).
    [6] Hartley, R. I. and A. Zisserman, Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
    [7] Lourakis, M. and A. Argyros, SBA: A Generic Sparse Bundle Adjustment C/C++ Package Based on the Levenberg- Marquardt Algorithm (http://www.ics.forth.gr/~lourakis/sba/).
    [8] Martinec, D. and T. Pajdla, “Robust Rotation and Translation Estimation in Multiview Reconstruction”, IEEE conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007.
    [9] Paolo, C., C. Marco, C. Massimiliano, G. Fabio, and R. Guido, MeshLab(http://meshlab.sourceforge.net/).
    [10] Seitz, S. M., B. Curless, J. Diebel, D. Scharstein, and R. Szeliski, Multi-View Stereo Evaluation(http://vision.middlebury.edu/mview/).
    [11] Tang, C.-Y., H.-L. Chou, Y.-L. Wu, and Y.-H. Ding, “Robust Fundamental Matrix Estimation Using Coplanar Constraints”, International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, pp.783-805, 2008.
    [12] Tang, C.-Y., Y.-L. Wu, and Y.-H. Lai, “Fundamental Matrix Estimation Using Evolutionary Algorithms with Multi-Objective Functions”, Journal of Information Science and Engineering, pp.785-800, 2008.
    [13] Tang, C.-Y., Y.-L. Wu, Maw-Kae Hor, and Wen-Hung Wang, “Modified SIFT Descriptor for Image Matching under Interference”, International Conf. Machine Learning and Cybernetics, pp.3294-3300, 2008.
    [14] 賴易進,"由地圖建構城市三維模型",國立政治大學資訊科學系碩士論文,台北,民國95年11月。
    [15] 詹凱軒,"由地面光達資料自動重建建物模型之研究",國立政治大學資訊科學系碩士論文,台北,民國96年7月。
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    資訊科學學系
    96753002
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096753002
    数据类型: thesis
    显示于类别:[資訊科學系] 學位論文

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