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    Title: 政府作為消費者——台灣與德國採購法制之比較
    Other Titles: Government as Consumer: A Comparative Study on the Government Procurement Systeof Taiwan and Germanym
    Authors: 黃立
    Hwang, Li
    Keywords: 政府採購協定;政府採購法;公開招標;選擇性招標;限制性招標;門檻金額;申訴與調解
    Government Procurement Agreement;Government Procurement Act;Open Tender;Selected Tender;Limited Tender;Threshold;Appeal (Complaint) and Mediation
    Date: 2006-08
    Issue Date: 2016-05-16 16:48:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 簽署政府採購協定,加入世界貿易組織,就我國貿易國際化、提升競爭力,均屬最有利者。惟基於該協定對於相互開放政府採購巿場、招標程序、等標期、決標、資訊公開、廠商申訴制度等,有廣泛之規定,各簽署國必須切實履行,故為配合未來簽署後國內各機關之作業需要,必須預先訂定政府採購法,以為因應。我國對於政府採購採取了特別立法的方式。將所有涉及政府採購事項,統一在單行法中規範。大體上採納了政府採購協定的規範,變更了過去我國採購法令不統一、採購不透明的情況。由於WTO架構下的政府採購協定會員國的採購制度,均以政府採購協定為依歸,因此本文乃以該協定會員國之一的德國法作為本文比較分析之標的。
    Purchasing products or services by a government for its own use constitutes a substantial proportion of its total expenditure. Government procurement may only function well if it adopts the principle of non-discrimination in purchasing. The government, in order to reach some specific purposes in internal policies, may take special measures or implementations such as forbidding purchasing from foreign suppliers, giving domestic suppliers more favorable prices or ruling for compensatory trade terms, or making excessive using of limited tendering procedures, and making the purchasing procedure insufficiently transparent. Government procurement usually represents about 10-15% of total GDP, which no manufacturers can ignore. The goal of the Government Procurement Agreement is to avoid discrimination between goods from domestic or foreign origin (National Treatment) and to give most-favored treatment (Most-Favored-Nation Treatment) to supply countries. In other words, the purpose of the GPA does not lie in forcing any government to import goods from foreign countries, but lies in creating the same competition conditions for domestic and international manufacturers. Signing the GPA and joining WTO are beneficial to our trade diversification and will enhance the competitiveness of our products. The GPA requires transparency of laws, regulations, procedures and practices regarding government procurement. The government needs to establish international procedures on notification, consultation, surveillance and dispute settlement with a view to ensure a fair, prompt and effective enforcement of the provisions on government procurement and to maintain the balance of rights and obligations at the highest possible level. It is thus necessary to promulgate a new Government Procurement Act in Taiwan to replace the chaotic regulations of the past. Since every member country of the GPA has the obligation to modify its government procurement system according to GPA requirements, it is the purpose of this article to compare Taiwanese and German law and to make relevant suggestions.
    Relation: 法學評論, 92, 219-300
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[法學評論 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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