政大機構典藏-National Chengchi University Institutional Repository(NCCUR):Item 140.119/96798
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 20 |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 90029/119959 (75%)
造访人次 : 24032270      在线人数 : 280
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻


    请使用永久网址来引用或连结此文件: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/96798


    题名: 非法人團體之當事人能力、當事人適格及其判決效力範圍——交錯於實體法與程序法之問題
    其它题名: Party’s Capacity of an Unincorporated Association and Effects of Judgment
    作者: 沈冠伶
    Shen, Kuan-Ling
    关键词: 非法人團體;合夥;公寓大廈管理委員會;當事人能力;當事人能力之機能論;當事人適格;訴訟擔當;既判力;執行力擴張;責任財產範圍;程序保障
    Unincorporated Association;Partnership;Apartment Building Management Committee;Capacity of Party;Functional Capacity of the Parties;Proper Party;Derivative Action;Range of Responsible Property;Procedural Protection
    日期: 2011-04
    上传时间: 2016-05-20 16:07:50 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 非法人團體之當事人能力與當事人適格之要件、準據不同,應分別判定。而在非法人團體及構成員均有當事人能力與當事人適格時,原告得基於程序選擇權衡量個案實體利益及程序利益後選擇決定列何人為當事人。在非法人團體作為當事人所進行之訴訟,有關訴訟標的之權利義務關係在實體法上之主體係構成員全體,非法人團體係以訴訟擔當人身分進行訴訟,判決效力應及於全體構成員。但得作為執行標的之責任財產範圍,在非法人社團之情形,應僅以社團財產為限。而在合夥團體,向來實務承認就合夥債權債務關係所為之判決,得直接對於合夥人個人財產予以執行力見解,則有對於合夥人個人欠缺程序保障之疑慮。合夥人個人依民法第六八一條於合夥財產不足時所負之連帶責任,並非合夥團體所進行訴訟之訴訟標的,因此,對於合夥人所生之判決效力僅及於合夥債權債務關係,而不宜將判決效力(包括既判力或執行力)擴張及於合夥人個人所負之連帶責任。至於公寓大廈管理委員會具有合夥及非法人社團之部分特徵,屬於中間型態之無權利能力團體,宜視訴訟標的之權利義務關係,分別判定其既判力及執行力之範圍。
    This paper analyses the capacity to be a party to legal proceedings, a party’s standing to bring suit in a particular dispute of an unincorporated association and the effects of the judgment of a suit. An unincorporated association has no legal capacity of substantive law but has the capacity to be a party to legal proceedings and to stand on behalf of its members. However, the capacity to be a party and the standing to bring suit should be determined separately for they have different elements. Based on the theory of procedural option rights, when an unincorporated association and its members have both party capacity and standing to sue, the plaintiff has the right to select an association as a sole de-fendant or all members as multiple defendants by weighing the procedural interests against the material interests. Partnerships or apartment building management committees are examples of unincorporated associations. The judgment against a partnership is not only binding on the parties but also on all partners who did not appear as parties in the suit. However, because the subject matter of a suit against partnership is different from a suit against partners for joint liability, the creditor may not execute a judgment of partnership against the individual property of the partner.
    關聯: 法學評論, 120, 95-158
    数据类型: article
    显示于类别:[法學評論 TSSCI] 期刊論文

    文件中的档案:

    档案 大小格式浏览次数
    120(95-158).pdf884KbAdobe PDF5195检视/开启


    在政大典藏中所有的数据项都受到原著作权保护.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回馈