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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/61662

    Title: Uses of Ter- in Malay: A Corpus-based Study
    Authors: 鍾曉芳
    Chung, Siaw-Fong
    Contributors: 英文系
    Keywords: Standard Malay;ter-;Passive;Active;Corpus;Grammaticalization
    Date: 2011.03
    Issue Date: 2013-11-12 18:10:02 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Many instances of ter- in Standard Malay of Malaysia have confusing active and passive forms (i.e., a construction such as [Noun TER-VP] can represent both active and passive functions). Two criteria, namely (a) substitution by a canonical passive marker, and (b) addition of the agentive phrase, are established in order to distinguish the passive and the active. Utilizing a modern corpus and a historical corpus, words comprised of passive terwere extracted and were then compared to the Malay canonical passive di- and the adversative passive kena. The results show that ter- appears less frequently than di- but more frequently than kena. Additionally, ter- is used informally in contexts related to personal daily life, typically denoting an unintended action. This study not only provides a criteria-based methodology to extract a particularmeaning from the multiple meanings of a grammatical morpheme, but also it discusses the grammaticalization process of these different functions of ter- utilizing corpora data. The results indicate that ter- develops from perfected to imperfected to stative forms in addition to other grammaticalization patterns such as from ability to possibility and from definite to superlative forms.
    Relation: Journal of Pragmatics, 43(3), 799-813
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2010.10.004
    DOI: 10.1016/j.pragma.2010.10.004
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 期刊論文

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