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    政大機構典藏 > 教育學院 > 教育學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/62207
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/62207

    Title: The internal/external frame of reference model, big-fish-little-pond effect, and combined model for mathematics and science
    Authors: 邱美秀
    Chiu, Mei-Shiu
    Contributors: 教育系
    Keywords: academic self-concepts, achievement;the big-fish-little-pond effect;the internal/external frame of reference model;mathematics, science
    Date: 2012.02
    Issue Date: 2013-12-06 14:28:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The aim of this study was to integrate 2 theories on academic self-concept—that is, the internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE)—into a combined model. The rationale for the combined model is that the I/E model actually focuses on internal/dimensional comparison (e.g., a comparison between one's own mathematics and science achievements) and the BFLPE focuses on external/social comparison (e.g., a comparison between one's own mathematics achievement and one's schoolmates'). The I/E, BFLPE, and combined models for mathematics and science were examined using multilevel analyses of 139,174 students in 4,231 schools in 27 countries. The results showed that the I/E model and the BFLPE fitted data well, and the combined model fitted data even better. The I/E model remained unchanged when the BFLPE was combined, suggesting distinctly differential roles of internal and external comparisons in constructing academic self-concepts. In addition, the combined model was examined for each country. The findings revealed that the predictions of the combined model were generally supported for data from most countries. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
    Relation: Journal of Educational Psychology, 104(1), 87-107
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025734
    DOI: 10.1037/a0025734
    Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 期刊論文

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