Research purpose: The first purpose is to investigate whether volunteers and nonvolunteers hold different value and motivation? The second purpose is to examine whether parents and their child participate volunteer for different value and motivation?
Method: Chinese work value and motivation scales had been administered to senior students and their parents recruited from a private university located in Taipei. Three hundred and thirty three dyad data were collected.
Results: (1) In comparison to non-volunteers, young volunteers are more emphasized on values such as self actualization and achievement, creativity, spiritual satisfaction, integrate relationship, social services, extrinsic reward, autonomy, security, and balance life; they are also more emphasized on work motivations such as career development, social interaction, social respect, altruistic, and indigenous fu-bao (accumulate good deeds) concept. (2) Parent volunteer value and motivation are shaped by social gender role. In comparison to non-volunteers, mother volunteers are more emphasized on values such as self actualization, creativity, spiritual satisfaction, integrate relationship, social services, and altruistic motivation; while father volunteers are more emphasized on social services value and motivations such as altruistic, religious altruism, and fu-bao. (3) The interaction between gender and volunteer participation on children’s work value suggest that male college students who participate volunteer are more dedicated into career and social services.