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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/57027

    Title: 書寫失語主體:柯慈《敵人》中的賤斥與他者
    Writing Aphasics, Encountering Foe: Between the Semiotic and the Symbolic
    Authors: 彭俊維
    Peng, Chun Wei
    Contributors: 胡錦媛
    Hu, Chin Yuan
    Peng, Chun Wei
    Keywords: 柯慈
    J. M. Coetzee
    the Other
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-03-01 09:23:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文以柯慈 (J. M. Coetzee) 的小說《敵人》(Foe 1987) 作為分析文本,討 論書中敘事者蘇珊.巴頓 (Susan Barton) 的書寫過程。《敵人》是部以丹尼爾. 狄佛 (Daniel Defoe) 所著的《魯賓遜漂流記》(Robinson Crusoe 1719) 為藍本的 後設小說。書中透過蘇珊多種形式的書寫描繪其漂流至荒島與重回英國間的經 歷。有別於多數評論著重於書中的後設結構,本論文將討論重點置於「失語主 體」與其「敵人」,探討蘇珊的書寫以及她與不同角色相遇所呈現的生命情境。 論文中角色們的失語症狀是其各自在語言中所遭遇困境之隱喻,而書名所暗示 的「敵人」則通指蘇珊在書寫過程中所遇見、相對於「我」之外的存有。

    本論文架構主要透過語言與主體位置間的相互關係串聯。第二章「失語主 體」 (Aphasic Subjects) 引用米哈伊爾.巴赫汀 (Mikhail Bakhtin) 對於主體「挪 用」(appropriation) 語言的討論,進而分析書中角色「星期五」 (Friday) 的行為 表述。雅各.拉岡 (Jacque Lacan) 對於分裂主體 (the barred Subject) 與大他者 (the Other) 的功能在第三章「書信與他者」(Epistles and the Other) 中成為閱讀蘇 珊的書寫形式與其寫作慾望的的重要依據。第四章「面對賤斥體」(In the Face of the Abject) 則透過茱莉亞.克莉斯蒂娃 (Julia Kristeva) 的「賤斥」 (abjection) 與「符號界」 (the Semiotic) 理論,將蘇珊與星期五之間不尋常的關聯視為主體 與賤斥體的牽引關係,並將書中最後兩部分詮釋為象徵語言與符號傾向 (semiotic disposition)的對應關係。
    The present thesis takes a close look at J. M. Coetzee’s novel Foe, a
    metafictional retelling of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. Given the critical interests already attributed to the intertextuality of the two works, the current project seeks not to reinforce the relationship between the two, but to focus on Coetzee’s creation alone. The thesis, entitled “Writing Aphasics, Encountering Foe: Between the Semiotic and the Symbolic,” addresses issues that concern the writing of the protagonist Susan Barton, together with the encounters throughout her literary journey. While the “aphasia” ascribed to all characters functions as a metaphor that unifies all types of speech impediments, the term “foe” refers to whoever stands counter to Susan on her way to deliverance.

    The organization of the thesis follows a series of theoretical approaches centering on the relationship between language and subjectivity. Bakhtinian theory introduced in the second chapter concerns a subject and its language appropriation, providing an interpretation to Friday’s unusual performances. Meanwhile, Lacanian treatise given in Chapter Three discusses a subject essentially split in its dealings with the language of the Other, proposing a reading to the transformation in Susan’s narrative style and her unrelenting pursuit of the writer Mr. Foe. The fourth chapter then identifies Susan as a Kristevan deject, who finds her existence threatened in the face of Friday’s abject existence. The subject-abject dyad in turn helps determine the symbiosis between the symbolic language and the semiotic disposition in the final two sections of Foe.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098551009
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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