不同社會的各種紀念文化，反映了它們如何根據當前特定處境來面對過去。然而在德 國，作為面對過去之基礎的當前特定處境已進入另一個轉換階段。 德國的過去一向被視為僅僅是生活在德國的國民的問題。但時至今日，由於歐洲邁向統 一的緣故，它已然也成為了鄰近國家的問題。再者，在德國出生、成長，卻以他們的父 母、祖父母的文化、歷史背景作為主要參考框架的第二、三代移民，也被整合到紀念文 化的範圍內。同質而統一的國族文化對其過去的專屬歷史具有一個共通的融貫觀點，然 而德國哲學家Wolfgang Welsch指出，可被稱為「跨文化際之形式」的上述發展，卻意謂 著悖離了國族文化概念。 本計畫將研究德國紀念文化的轉變以及德國人如何動態發展他們對（已不再專屬於他們 的）待紀念事件之理解，並指出以上轉變與動態理解的各種重要因素。本計畫以相關新 聞稿、議會辯論記錄、紀念事項為素材之資訊為研究對象，將可回答德國人對他們在廿 世紀中期所經歷的戰爭、大屠殺、戰敗、被國際社會放逐等重大事件的態度，是如何在 一個歐洲多元文化社會中做成轉變的。對於世界上其他在同時期經歷與德國相似的重大 事件且如今進入相近之過渡階段的國家，本研究之成果將能提供其極具學術與文化價值 的參考。 Cultures of remembrance reflect the way societies deal with their past under the particular circumstances of the present. In Germany these circumstances have now entered another transitional phase. The German past used to be perceived as the exclusive issue of German nationals living in Germany. Nowadays it has also become an issue for the neighbouring countries because of the European unification process. Furthermore, second and third generation immigrants who were born and raised in Germany but with the cultural and historical background of their parents and grandparents as the main frame of reference also need to be integrated into the scope of remembrance. Referring to a term brought up by German philosopher Wolfgang Welsch, the ensuing consequences can be termed as forms of transculturality, signifying a departure from the concept of one homogeneous, uniform national culture with one coherent view of its exclusive national past. This research project will provide us with a better understanding of the influential factors of change for the German culture of remembrance and how people in the present dynamically develop their understanding of that past which is no longer their exclusive possession. Using press releases, records of parliamentary debates and information materials from memorial sites as sources, it will be traced how Germans’ approach to major events of their mid-20th century history of war, mass murder, flight, expulsion etc. are being transformed in a Europeanised multicultural society. This will also raise awareness for other countries around the world which experienced similar events in 20th century history and now undergo comparable transitions.