English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 94967/125512 (76%)
Visitors : 30657217      Online Users : 359
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/116184


    Title: 取徑亞當.史密斯:伊恩.麥克尤恩小說中的同情與想像力
    Through the Lens of Adam Smith: Sympathy and Imagination in Ian McEwan’s Novels
    Authors: 張秀芳
    Chang, Hsiu-Fang
    Contributors: 陳音頤
    Chen, Eva Yin-I
    張秀芳
    Chang, Hsiu-Fang
    Keywords: 伊恩.麥克尤恩
    亞當.史密斯
    同情
    想像力
    公正觀察者
    贖罪
    愛無可忍
    星期六
    Ian McEwan
    Adam Smith
    Sympathy
    Imagination
    The impartial spectator
    Atonement
    Enduring love
    Saturday
    Date: 2017
    Issue Date: 2018-03-02 13:54:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文研究伊恩.麥克尤恩的《贖罪》、《愛無可忍》及《星期六》這三部小說中的同情與想像力。第一章仔細爬梳亞當.史密斯的哲學文本《道德情感論》,並闡述幾個重要概念如同情與想像力、公正觀察者的角色、同情與戲劇性質、及同情與敘事。第二章運用史密斯的同情與想像力的概念來檢視《贖罪》這部小說,並指出布萊妮最初反映了史密斯式的同情概念,但在她贖罪的過程中,她實踐了自我反省及自我批判的另一層次的同情。第三章從演化、利他主義及同情的觀點來閱讀《愛無可忍》這部小說。敘述者喬.羅斯所面臨的拯救小孩及保存自己性命的道德兩難彰顯出利他行動與利己行為間的衝突。本章以史密斯的同情概念來解釋小說中約翰.羅根的利他主義,並呈現出同情與利他行為的關連性。本章指出同情並非完全是利他的情感展現,同情實際上包含了利己與利他的動機。第四章檢視《星期六》中同情與敘事的關係,並闡述貝羅安對其病人泰勒伯的同情與泰勒伯透過口述去敘述其在伊拉克所遭遇的苦難具有關連性。本章並分析貝羅安在聆聽黛絲朗誦馬修.阿諾的多佛海灘詩集時所展現的同情與想像力。本章最後聚焦在貝羅安對巴克斯特的同情,並指出貝羅安對巴克斯特的仁慈實際上強化了同情者與被同情者之間微妙的權力關係。
    The dissertation aims to study the concept of sympathy and imagination in Ian McEwan’s three novels Atonement, Enduring Love and Saturday. In the first chapter, Adam Smith’s philosophical text, Theory of Moral Sentiments, is carefully scrutinized. The chapter includes several key ideas such as sympathy and imagination, the role of the impartial spectator, sympathy and its theatrical quality, and sympathy and narratives. In the second chapter, I use Smith’s concept of sympathy and imagination to examine McEwan’s Atonement and propose that Briony’s sympathy at first reflect Smith’s model of sympathy, but in the process of her atoning for her crime, Briony achieves a new level of sympathy which is more self-reflected and self-critical. Chapter Three reads Enduring Love from the perspective of evolution, altruism and sympathy. The narrator Joe Rose’s moral dilemma between saving the child and preserving his own life dramatizes the conflict between altruistic actions and self-interested behaviors. Smith’s idea of sympathy is employed to account for John Logan’s altruism and the connection between sympathy and altruistic acts is then presented. The chapter shows that sympathy is not an other-oriented emotion but a sentiment that contains both self-interested and other-interested motives. Chapter Four looks at the relation between sympathy and narratives, and demonstrates how Perowne’s sympathy to his patient Taleb is related to Taleb’s oral report of suffering in Iraq. It then analyzes Perowne’s sympathy and imagination during Daisy’s recitation of Matthew Arnold’s Dover Beach. The final section focuses on Perowne’s sympathetic sentiments to Baxter, arguing that Perowne’s benevolence to Baxter only highlights the subtle power relationship between the sympathizer and the sympathized.
    Reference: Works Cited
    Aldan, Natasha. “Words of War, War of Words: Atonement and the Question of Plagiarism.” Ian McEwan: Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Ed. Sebastian Groes. 2nd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 57-69. Print.
    Ascari, Maurizio. Literature of the Global Age: A Critical Study of Transcultural Narratives. Jefferson: McFarland, 2011. Print.
    Bardsley, Nicholas, and Robert Sugden. “Human Nature and Sociality in Economics.” Handbook of the Economics of Giving, Altruism and Reciprocity. Ed. Serge-Christophe Kolm and Jean Mercier Ythier. vol. 1. Atlanta: Elsevier, 2006. Print.
    Batson, C. Daniel. “Addressing the Altruism Question Experimentally.” Altruism and Altruistic Love. Ed. Stephen G. Post., Lynn G. Underwood., Jeffrey P. Schloss., and William B. Hurt. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.
    Baumbach, Sibylle. Literature and Fascination. New York: Palgrave, 2015. Print.
    Begley, Adam. “Ian McEwan: The Art of Fiction CLXXIII.” The Paris Review 44
    (2002): 30-60. Print.
    Bentley, Nick. Contemporary British Fiction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2008. Print.
    Bethge, Philip, and Johann Grolle. “Interview with Edward O. Wilson: The Origin of
    Morals.” Spiegel Onlie. Spiegel, 26 Feb. 2013. Web. 3 Apr. 2016.
    Bradley, Arthur. The New Atheist Novel: Fiction, Philosophy and Polemic After 9/11.
    London: Continuum, 2010. Print.
    Broadie, Alexander. “Sympathy and the Impartial Spectator.” The Cambridge
    Companion to Adam Smith. Ed. Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,
    2006. 158-88. Print.
    Brookner, Anita. “A morbid procedure.” Rev. of Atonement. The Spectator 15 Sep.
    2001: 44. Print.
    Brouillette, Sarah. Literature and the Creative Economy. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2014.
    Print.
    Brown, Vivienne. Adam Smith’s Discourse: Canonicity, Commerce and Conscience.
    London: Routledge, 1994. Print.
    Butler, Eamonn. Adam Smith—A Primer. London: Institute of Economic Affairs,
    2007. Print.
    Campbell, T. D. Adam Smith’s Science of Morals. London: Routledge, 1971. Print.
    Carrasco, Maria A. “From Psychology to Moral Normativity.” The Adam Smith
    Review. Ed. Fonna Forman-Barzilai. vol. 6. London: Routledge, 2011. Print.
    Carrubba, Kate. “‘My Jane Austen Novel’: Literary Tradition in McEwan’s
    Atonement.” Incite: Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship. Longwood University, n.d. Web. 10 July 2015.
    Charvet, John. A Critique of Freedom and Equality. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981.
    Print.
    Childs, Peter. “Contemporary McEwan and Anosognosia.” Ian McEwan: Art and
    Politics. Ed. Pascal Nicklas. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2009. 23-38. Print.
    ---. The Fiction of Ian McEwan. New York: Palgrave, 2006. Print.
    ---. Ian McEwan’s Enduring Love. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
    Coase, R. H. “Adam Smith’s View of Man.” Journal of Law and Economics 19.3
    (1976): 529-46. JSTOR. Web. 10 June 2015.
    Cook, Jon, Sebastian Groes, and Victor Sage. “Journeys without Maps: An Interview
    with Ian McEwan.” Ian McEwan: Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Ed.
    Sebastain Groes. 2nd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 144-55. Print.
    Cormack, Alistair. “Postmodernism and the Ethics of Fiction in Atonement.” Ian
    McEwan: Contemporary Critical Perspectives. Ed. Sebastain Groes. 2nd ed.
    London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 70-82. Print.
    Crosthwaite, Paul. Trauma, Postmodernism and the Aftermath of World War II. New
    York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Print.
    Csengei, Ildiko. Sympathy, Sensibility and the Literature of Feeling in the Eighteenth
    Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Print.
    Davies, Rhiannon. “Enduring McEwan.” Ian McEwan’s Enduring Love. Ed. Peter
    Childs. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
    Douglas, Ed. “Darwin’s Natural Heir.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 17
    Feb. 2001. Web. 6 Nov. 2015.
    Dunn, Elizabeth W., and Claire Ashton-James. “On emotional innumeracy: Predicted
    and actual affective responses to grand-scale tragedies.” Journal of Experimental
    Social Psychology 44 (2008): 692-98. Print.
    Dwyer, John. The Age of the Passions: Interpretation of Adam Smith and Scottish
    Enlightenment Culture. Edinburgh: Tuckwell P, 1998. Print.
    Eagleton, Terry. “A Beautiful and Elusive Tale.” The Lancet 358 (2009): 3. Print.
    Finney, Brian. “Briony’s Stand Against Oblivion: The Making of Fiction in Ian
    McEwan’s Atonement.” Journal of Modern Literature 27.3 (2004): 68-82. Print.
    ---. English Fiction Since 1984: Narrating a Nation. New York: Palgrave, 2006. Print.
    Forman-Barzilai, Fonna. Adam Smith and the Circles of Sympathy. Cambridge:
    Cambridge UP, 2009. Print.
    Gabrinetti, Paul A. and Şule Özler. “Defenses and Morality: Adam Smith, Sigmund
    Freud, and Contemporary Psychoanalysis.” Psychoanalytic Review 101.5
    (2014): 735-65. Print.
    Garner, Dwight. “The Salon Interview—Ian McEwan.” Salon. Salon Media Group, 1
    Ari. 1998. Web. 12 June 2006.
    Garrard, Greg. “Reading as an Animal: Ecocriticism and Darwinism in Margaret
    Atwood and Ian McEwan.” Local Natures, Global Responsibilities: Ecocritical
    Perspectives on the New English Literatures. Ed. Laurenz Volkmann, Nancy
    Grimm, Ines Detmers, and Katrin Thomson. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2010. 223-42.
    Print.
    Gauthier, Tim. 9/11 Fiction, Empathy and Otherness. London: Lexington, 2015. Print.
    Gottlieb, Evan. Feeling British: Sympathy and National Identity in Scottish and
    English Writing, 1707-1832. Lewisburg: Bucknell UP, 2007. Print.
    Greenberg, Jonathan. “Why Can’t Biologists Read Poetry? Ian McEwan’s Enduring
    Love.” Twentieth-Century Literature 53.2 (2007): 93-124. Print.
    Griswold, Charles L. Adam Smith and the Virtues of Enlightenment. Cambridge:
    Cambridge UP, 1999. Print.
    Groes, Sebastian. “A Cartography of the Contemporary: Mapping Newness in the
    Work of Ian McEwan.” Introduction. Ian McEwan: Contemporary Critical
    Perspectives. Ed. Sebastain Groes. 2nd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 1-12.
    Print.
    Haakonssen, Knud. Introduction. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. By Adam Smith.
    Ed. Knud Haakonssen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004. Print.
    Hammond, Meghan Marie, and Sue J. Kim. Introduction. Rethinking Empathy
    through Literature. Ed. Meghan Marie Hammond and Sue J. Kim. New York: Routledge, 2014. 1-18. Print.
    Head, Dominic. Ian McEwan. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2007. Print.
    ---. The State of the Novel: Britain and Beyond. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.
    Print
    Hidalgo, Pilar. “Memory and Storytelling in Ian McEwan’s Atonement.” Critique:
    Studies in Contemporary Fiction 46.2 (2005): 82-90. Print.
    Hillard, Molly Clark. “‘When Desert Armies Stand Ready to Fight’: Re-reading
    McEwan’s Saturday and Arnold’s ‘Dover Beach.’” Partial Answers 6.1 (2008): 181-206. Print.
    Höijer, Birgitta. “The discourse of global compassion: The audience and media
    reporting of human suffering.” Media, Culture & Society 26.4 (2004): 513–531.
    Print.
    Huber, Michaela, Leaf Van Boven, and A. Peter Mcgraw. “Donate Different: External
    and Internal Influences on Emotion-Based Donation Decisions.” The Science of Giving: Experimental Approaches to the Study of Charity. Ed. Daniel M. Oppenheimer and Christopher Y. Olivola. New York: Psychology P, 2011. Print.
    “Ian McEwan.” Humanists UK. Humanist UK, n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2017.
    <https://humanism.org.uk/about/our-people/patrons/ian-mcewan/>
    Ingersoll, Earl G. “The Moment of History and The History of the Moment: Ian
    McEwan’s On Chesil Beach.” The Midwest Quarterly 52.2 (2011): 131-47. Print.
    Jackson, Tony E. The Technology of the Novel: Writing and Narrative in British
    Fiction. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP, 2009. Print.
    Jouffroy, T. S. Introduction to Ethics: Including a Critical Survey of Moral Systems.
    Trans. W. H. Channing. vol. 2. Boston: Hillard, 1841. Print.
    Keen, Suzanne. Empathy and the Novel. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007. Print.
    Khalil, Elias L. “Adam Smith and Three Theories of Altruism.” Louvain Economic
    Review 67.4 (2001): 421-35. Print.
    ---. “Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam
    Smith’s Theory of Human Conduct.” Economics and Philosophy 6.2 (1990): 255-73. Print.
    Lentricchia, Frank and Jody McAuliffe. “Groundzeroland.” Dissent from the Homeland: Essays after September 11. Ed. Stanley Hauerwas and Frank Lentricchia. Durham: Duke UP, 2003. 95-106. Print.
    Loh, Lucienne. “Postcolonial and Diasporic Voices: Contemporary British Fiction in
    and Age of Transnational Terror.” The 2000s: A Decade of Contemporary British
    Fiction. Ed. Nick Bentley, Nick Hubble, and Leigh Wilson. London:
    Bloomsbury, 2015. Print.
    Lowe, Brigid. Victorian Fiction and the Insights of Sympathy. London: Anthem, 2007.
    Print.
    MacLean, Kenneth. “Imagination and Sympathy: Sterne and Adam Smith.” Journal of
    the History of Ideas 10.3 (1949): 399-410. JSTOR. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.
    Malcolm, David. Understanding Ian McEwan. South Carolina: U of South Carolina P,
    2002. Print.
    Mathews, Peter. “The Impression of a Deeper Darkness: Ian McEwan’s Atonement.”
    ESC 32.1 (2006): 147-60. Print.
    Marshall, David. “Adam Smith and the Theatricality of Moral Sentiments.” Critical
    Inquiry 10.4 (1984): 592-613. Print.
    ---. The Figure of Theatre: Shaftesbury, Defoe, Adam Smith, and George
    Eliot. New York: Columbia P, 1986. Print.
    Matthews, Sean. “Seven Types of Unreliability.” Ian McEwan’s Enduring Love. Ed.
    Peter Childs. New York: Routledge, 2007. Print.
    McEwan, Ian. Atonement. New York: Anchor, 2001. Print.
    ---. “Beyond Belief.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 12 Sep.
    2001. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.
    ---. Enduring Love. New York: Anchor, 1997. Print.
    ---. “Only Love Then Oblivion.” The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 15 Sep.
    2001. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.
    ---. Saturday. London: Jonathan Cape, 2005. Print.
    Michael, Magali Cornier. “Writing Fiction in the Post-9/11 World: Ian McEwan’s
    Saturday.” From Solidarity to Schisms: 9/11 and After in Fiction and Film from
    Outside the US. Ed. Cara Cilano. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009. 25-51. Print.
    Moyn, Samuel. “Empathy in History, Empathizing with Humanity.” History and
    Theory 45 (2006): 397-415. Print.
    Muller, Jerry Z. Adam Smith in His Time and Ours. New Jersey: Princeton UP, 1993.
    Print.
    Nussbaum, Martha C. Poetic Justice: The Literary Imagination and Public Life.
    Boston: Beacon P, 1995. Print.
    ---. Cultivating Humanity. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1997. Print.
    Noakes, Jonathan and Margaret Reynolds. Eds. Ian McEwan: The Essential Guide. London: Vintage, 2002. Print.
    O’Hara, David K. “Briony’s Being For: Metafictional Narrative Ethics in Ian
    McEwan’s Atonement.” Critique 52.1 (2011): 74-100. Print.
    Otteson, James R. Adam Smith. New York: Bloomsbury, 2013. Print.
    ---. Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2002. Print.
    Oxley, Julinna C. The Moral Dimensions of Empathy. New York: Palgrave, 2011.
    Print.
    Palumbo-Liu, David. The Deliverance of Others: Reading Literature in a Global Age.
    Durham: Duke UP, 2012. Print.
    Phelan, James. Experience Fiction: Judgments, Progressions, and the Rhetoric
    Theory of Narrative. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 2007. Print.
    Randall, Martin. 9/11 and the Literature of Terror. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2011.
    Print.
    Raphael, D. D. The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith’s Moral Philosophy. Oxford:
    Oxford UP, 2007. Print.
    Raphael, D. D. and A. L. Macfie. Introduction. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. By
    Adam Smith. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1984. 1-52. Print.
    Ratcliffe, Sophie. On Sympathy. Oxford: Oxford, UP, 2008. Print.
    Ross, Michael L. “On a Darkling Planet: Ian McEwan’s Saturday and the Condition
    of England.” Twentieth Century Literature 54.1 (2008): 75-96. Print.
    Rudaitytė, Regina. “The Ethical Component in Contemporary British Writing.”
    Literatūra 50.4 (2008): 55-62. Print.
    Ruse, Michael. The Evolution-Creation Struggle. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2006.
    Print.
    ---. Darwinism and Its Discontents. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2008. Print.
    Scott, Niall and Jonathan Seglow. Altruism. New York: Open UP, 2007. Print.
    Serpell, C. Namwali. Seven Modes of Uncertainty. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2014.
    Print.
    Sklar, Howard. The Art of Sympathy in Fiction: Forms of Ethical and Emotional
    Persuasion. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2013. Print.
    Slote, Michael. “Moral Sentimentalism and Moral Psychology.” The Oxford
    Handbook of Ethical Theory. Ed. David Copp. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 219-39. Print.
    Slovic, Paul. “‘If I look at the mass I will never act’: Psychic numbing and genocide.”
    Judgment and Decision Making 2.2 (2007): 79-95. Print.
    Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Ed. D. D. Raphael and A. L. Macfie.
    Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1984. Print.
    ---. “To Gilbert Elliot.” 10 October 1759. Letter 40 of The Correspondence of Adam
    Smith. Ed. Ernest Campbell Mossner and Ian Simpson Ross. Oxford: Clarendon, 1977. 48-50. Print. Vol. 6 of The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith. 6 vols. 1976-87.
    Soni, Vivasvan. Mourning Happiness: Narrative and the Politics of Modernity. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2010. Print.
    Sontag, Susan. Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Picador, 2003. Print.
    Spencer, Charles. “The Cement Garden, Waterloo Tunnels, review.” The Telegraph.
    The Telegraph, 5 Feb. 2014. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.
    Stueber, Karsten R. Rediscovering Empathy: Agency, Folk Psychology, and the
    Human Sciences. Bradford: Cambridge, 2006. Print.
    Sutherland, John. “Life was clearly too interesting in the war.” The Guardian.
    Guardian News and Media, 3 Jan. 2002. Web. 12 Feb. 2015.
    Sugden, Robert. “Beyond sympathy and empathy: Adam Smith’s Concept of
    Fellow-feeling.” Economics and Philosophy 1 (2002): 63-87. Print.
    ---. “Fellow-feeling.” Economics and Social Interaction: Accounting for Interpersonal
    Relations. Ed. Benedetto Gui, and Robert Sugden. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,
    2005. Print.
    Thornton, Stephen P. “Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds.” Internet
    Encyclopedia of Philosophy. IEP, n.d. Web. 6 May 2015.
    “To Increase Charitable Donations, Appeal to the Heart—Not the Head.”
    Knowledge@Wharton. Wharton School of Business, 27 June 2007. Web. 15 Sep.
    2017.
    Walkowitz, Rebecca L. “Ian McEwan.” A Companion to the British and Irish Novel
    1945-2000. Ed. Brian W. Shaffer. Malden: Blackwell, 2005. 504-14. Print.
    Wallace, Elizabeth Kowaleski. “Postcolonial Melancholia in Ian McEwan’s
    Saturday.” Studies in the Novel 39.4 (2007): 468-80. Print.
    Walsh, John. “Ian McEwan: Here’s the twist.” The Independent. The Independent, 20
    Jan. 2007. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.
    Waugh, Patricia. Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction.
    London: Routledge, 1984. Print.
    Weidle, Roland. “The Ethics of Metanarration: Empathy in Ian McEwan’s The
    Comfort of Strangers, The Child in Time, Atonement and Saturday.” Ian
    McEwan: Art and Politics. Ed. Pascal Nicklas. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2009. 57-72. Print.
    Weintraub, Pamela. “E.O. Wilson’s Theory of Altruism Shakes Up Understanding of
    Evolution.” Discover. Discover, 28 Apr. 2011. Web. 22 May 2016.
    Wells, Juliette. “Shades of Austen in Ian McEwan’s Atonement.” Persuasions: The
    Jane Austen Journal 30 (2008): 101-12. Print.
    Wells, Lynn. Ian McEwan. London: Palgrave, 2010. Print.
    ---. “McEwan, Ian.” The Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Fiction:
    Twentieth-Century British and Irish Fiction. Ed. Brian W. Shaffer. Vol. 1.
    Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. 250-53. Print.
    ---. “The Ethical Otherworld: Ian McEwan’s Fiction.” British Fiction Today. Ed. Rod
    Mengham. London: Continuum, 2006. 117-27. Print.
    Wilson Edward. O. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge: Belknap, 1975.
    Print.
    Wilson Edward. O., Martin A. Nowak, and Corina E. Tarnita. “The Evolution of
    Eusociality.” Nature:The International Weekly Journal of Science 466 (2010):
    1057-62. Print.
    Wood, James. “On a Darkling Plain.” Rev. of Saturday. The New Public 18 Apr. 2005:
    28. Print.
    ---. The Fun Stuff and Other Essays. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux,
    2012. Print.
    Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One’s Own and Three Guineas. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.
    Print.
    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    英國語文學系
    99551503
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0995515031
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    There are no files associated with this item.



    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback