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    政大機構典藏 > 教育學院 > 教育學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/74411
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/74411


    Title: Comparison of the relative effectiveness of different kinds of reinforcers: A PEM approach
    Authors: Ma, Hsen-Hsing
    馬信行
    Contributors: 教育系
    Keywords: meta-analysis;positive reinforcement;single-case experiments
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2015-04-09 10:34:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to apply the percentage of data points exceeding the median of baseline phase (PEM) approach for a meta-analysis of single-case experiments to compare the relative effectiveness of different kinds of reinforcers used in behavior modification. Altogether 153 studies were located, which produced 1091 effect sizes. The grand mean of the 153 PEM scores was 0.92. The main finding was that among the positive reinforcers, "activities" was the most effective (PEM score = 0.95) while "objects" and "edibles" were relatively less effective (PEM score = 0.85 and 0.83, respectively). The results of the present study are of importance in respect to the choice of reinforcer for use in intervention in behavior modification. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
    Relation: Behavior Analyst Today, 10(3), 398-427
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0100680
    DOI: 10.1037/h0100680
    Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 期刊論文

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