本研究的主要目的在於深入探討父母所知覺的升學壓力，並據以編製一份父母知覺升學壓力量表，接著初步分析父母知覺升學壓力與父母考試焦慮之關聯。研究方法首先深入訪談1位國小、國中以及高中學生家長，訪談大綱主要探討家長對於子女目前所處學習環境的看法，並詢問其認為子女在校內學習與校外學習面臨之升學相關壓力，再將訪談資料進行內容分析以編製「父母知覺升學壓力量表」。在完成量表預試程序後，最後以495位學生家長（354位母親、141位父親）為樣本，進行驗證性因素分析，檢驗量表之信度與效度。研究結果發現：「父母知覺升學壓力量表」具有良好的信度與穩定的因素結構；另外，父母知覺升學壓力與父母考試焦慮呈現顯著的正相關。 The main goal of this study is to deeply explore parents' perceived pressures from their children's entrance examinations, to develop a new scale, and to initially analyze the relationship between parents' perceived pressures and parental test anxiety. In this study, the authors tried to understand parents' viewpoints about their children's learning environment, including related pressures from on-campus and off-campus learning, and further developed the Scale for the Parents' Perceived Pressures according to sixteen in-depth interviews with the parents. After revision from pretest, 495 parents (354 mothers and 143 fathers) were used to test the reliability and validity of this developed scale. The findings suggested that the Scale for Parents' Perceived Pressures demonstrated the good reliability estimate and the stable factor construct. Moreover, the Perceived Pressures Scale was significantly related to parental test anxiety.