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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/111239


    Title: 關係取向諮商關係變化對個案人際模式改變之成效研究
    Authors: 陳婉真
    Contributors: 教育學系
    Keywords: 自我表徵;他人表徵;依賴;諮商關係;counseling relationship;dependence;representation of self and important others
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2017-07-17 16:36:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 研究目的:本文從心理師的觀點,描繪在關係取向深度諮商關係中,個案對心理師產生內在依賴衝突時的反應與因應方式,以及如何協助個案從親密依賴的諮商關係,改變對權威者的形象與對自我的形象。研究方法:共訪談四位資深心理師,其以關係理論取向進行諮商工作,且諮商方式多以深度諮商為主。經由訪談資料的反覆閱讀與交叉比較,採內容分析法做為資料分析方式。研究結果:(一)資料顯示個案一方面滿足被有效協助的依賴感,另一方面也會對依賴心理師產生焦慮,擔心即將重演過去被拒絕的痛苦經驗。因此,個案因應其內在依賴衝突可歸納出三類作法:「積極策略」、「消極策略」以及「形成競爭的關係」。(二)個案所形塑的正向權威者形象有三個主要特質:「穩定」、「有反應」、「自我情緒負責」,透過改變權威者形象,能夠改變個案對外界世界的參考架構。(三)形成個案正向的自我概念與自我評價需要透過三個歷程:「削弱負向維持力量」、「學習自我疼惜」以及「從心理師眼裡看到自我的價值」。研究結論:在深度諮商關係中,個案會出現不同的因應內在依賴衝突方式,雖然這些因應方式可能帶給心理師相當的壓力挑戰,但是抗拒行為的本質,代表個案將心理師視為重要他人,且試圖從與心理師的關係中找出解決內在核心衝突的方式、矯正原有的情緒經驗與人際模式。整個歷程逐漸讓個案形塑對權威者與對自我的正向形象。 Purpose: From the perspective of psychologists, this present study delineated the responses and coping strategies clients had when developing inner dependency conflict toward their psychologists in relational approach in-depth relationships, as well as how a psychologist assist the clients in changing their images of authorities and self-image under the intimate dependent relationships. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 4senior psychologists who adopted relational approach and in-depth counseling. The content analysis method was tested by rereading and by cross-comparing the interview transcripts. Results: The data showed that (a) client’s needs for dependency were satisfied through being helped effectively. At the same time, they became anxious about depending on their psychologists due to the worry of re-enacting the painful experience of being rejected in the past. Thus, the ways how clients coped with their inner dependency conflict could be categorized into three types: “active strategies,” “passive strategies,” and “forming competitive relationships.” (b) Three main characteristics of the images that clients built toward positive authorities are “stable”, “responsive” and “responsible for self-emotion”. By changing the images of authorities, clients are able to alter the reference structures they held toward the outside worlds. (c) Clients formulated positive self-concept and self-evaluation through three processes: “ Weaken the strength of negative maintenance”, ”Learning of self-compassion” and “Built self-value from the psychologists’ eyes“. Conclusions: During in-depth counseling relationship, clients adopted different ways of coping to deal with inner dependency conflicts. Though these coping strategies might bring certain pressures and threats to psychologists, the nature of clients’ resistance indicated that clients regarded psychologists as important others, and they intended to resolve their core inner conflicts while correcting their original emotional experience and interpersonal model through the relationship with their psychologists. By the whole process, the clients gradually formulated positive self-images and images of authorities.
    Relation: 科技部
    102-2410-H-004-049
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 國科會研究計畫

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