English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 86061/114710 (75%)
Visitors : 23036282      Online Users : 240
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 教育學院 > 教育學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/32927
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/32927


    Title: 國民小學教師領域性與協同教學意願關係之研究
    A Study on the Relationships Between the Concept of Territoriality of Teachers
    Authors: 王素芸
    Wang,Su Yun
    Contributors: 秦夢群
    黃炳煌

    Chin,Mong Qun
    Hwang,Ping Hwang

    王素芸
    Wang,Su Yun
    Keywords: 領域性
    教學領域性
    教師領域性
    協同教學
    territoriality
    territoriality of teaching
    territoriality of teachers
    team teaching
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2009-09-17 14:52:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在透過人類領域性理論,探討教師領域性相關內涵,以理解教師領域性心理與行為,進而探討國小教師領域性與協同教學意願的關係。本研究重點主要包括:(1)人類領域性與教師領域性的相關概念、(2)協同教學相關概念、(3)國小教師領域性與協同教學意願的關係、(4)對國小協同教學實施的建議。
    本研究採用文獻分析法以及問卷調查法進行,以自編之「國民小學教師領域性與協同教學意願調查問卷」,針對台北市五所有班群教室設計與協同教學的國小及五所一般國小,合計十所國小全體教師實施問卷調查。合計發出502份問卷,有效問卷共計247份,有效問卷比例約49.2%。使用的統計方法除描述性統計外,還包括信度分析、T考驗、單因子變異數分析、相關分析、因素分析及潛在變項分析。
    本研究主要結果如下:
    一、國小教師確實會以領域相關概念處理教學相關事項,亦即,教師對教學相關事項的處理,確實存在領域性。
    二、國小教師對教學相關事項的處理,偏向於初級領域概念。保守言之,其教師領域概念介於初級領域與次級領域之間,且略偏向初級領域。
    三、整體而言,國小教師具有中等以上程度的教學相關領域性。
    四、在五種教學相關領域事項中,國小教師最期望獲取的是時間與空間,最尊重不侵擾的是時間與學生群體。相對上,「教學時間」最能代表國小教師領域性。
    五、經實證調查分析,八項有意義的領域性影響因素為:人際身分因素、領域特質因素、情境因素、性格/經驗因素、人際異同喜惡因素、資源因素、自我概念因素、程序因素。
    六、整體而言,國小教師協同教學意願維持在中等程度,並傾向認為學校教師彼此間應該像是「親密的一家人」。
    七、國小教師似乎偏好某些類型的協同教學。
    八、國小教師若越傾向以初級領域概念處理教學空間、教學資源、教學時間、學生群體、及個人對教學的想法或做法,就越傾向不願意實施協同教學。
    九、不同人口變項的國小教師其教師領域性與協同教學意願高低有顯著差異。
    十、國小教師的教學相關領域性與其他場域領域性的特性有差異。
    最後,依據上述研究結果,本研究分別提出對國小學課程與教學、學校或教育行政機關及未來研究的建議。
    This study aimed to investigate the content of territoriality of teachers through the theory of human territoriality, for realizing the psychological and behavioral significance of territoriality of teachers, and then studying the relationships between the concept of territoriality of teachers and the willingness of team teaching of elementary school teachers.
    The main pointes of this study includes: (1) the concepts about human territoriality and territoriality of teachers, (2) the concepts of team teaching, (3) the relationships between the concept of territoriality of teachers and the willingness of team teaching of elementary school teachers, and (4) the suggestions on the implementation of team teaching in the elementary schools.
    In this study, literature review and questionnaire survey were adopted; and the questionnaire “A Survey on the Relationships Between the Concept of Territoriality of Teachers and the Willingness of Team Teaching of Elementary School Teachers” was designed. The questionnaire survey was conducted on 502 elementary school teachers, from five clustered-classroom and team-teaching public elementary schools and five other general public elementary schools in Taipei city. At last, 247 questionnaires (49.2%) were valid and analyzed. Besides descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis, factor analysis and SEM were used to analyze the data from the questionnaire survey.
    Some of significant findings of this study are as follows:
    1. Most elementary school teachers treat related teaching affairs with territory concepts. That’s to say, the concept of territoriality of teachers can be found in the treatment of teaching affairs by most elementary school teachers.
    2. Most elementary school teachers tend to treat teaching affairs with the concept of primary territory. In terms of conservative analysis, the inclination falls on the border between the primary and secondary territory, but towards the primary territory.
    3. In general, most elementary school teachers possess above-average level of related territoriality of teaching.
    4. Among five related territoriality of teaching affairs, most elementary school teachers desire to have time and space—value time and “space” most—and extremely respect time and students, which cannot be bothered. In other words, “Teaching time” is the most representative of territoriality of teachers.
    5. After the analysis of the empirical study, eight significant Influential factors of territoriality are: (1) inter-personal relationship and status, (2) territorial characteristics, (3) situation, (4) personality/experience, (5) inter-personal preference, (6) resources, (7) self-concept, and (8) procedure.
    6. On the whole, most elementary school teachers’ willingness to team teaching are moderate, and tend to regard each other as intimate family members.
    7. Most elementary school teachers tend to prefer some kinds of team teaching.
    8. The more elementary school teachers tend to treat—with the concept of primary territory—teaching space, teaching resources, teaching time, students, and their thinking and doing about teaching, the less they are willing to practice team teaching.
    9. For the elementary school teachers of different demographical variables, the relationships between their territoriality of teachers and willingness of team teaching are significantly different.
    10. The characteristics of territoriality of teaching are different from those of other fields.
    Finally, based on the findings of the questionnaire survey and related literature review, the researcher works out some suggestions on the elementary school curriculum and instruction, schools and educational administrative organizations and future researchers.
    Reference: 文林(譯)(民82)。Robert B. Maddux著。建立團隊-合作就是力量。臺北市:麥田
    方炳林(民73)。普通教學法。臺北市:三民。
    王秀玲(民89)。協同教學法。載於黃政傑著教學原理,117-184。臺北市:師大書苑。
    朱元發(民77)。涂爾幹社會學引論。臺北市:遠流出版公司。
    成映鴻 (民 64)。淺論協同教學法。國教輔導,14(4),12-13。
    李灼明 (民70 )。蛻變中之居住性生活模式。建築師,7(4),7-20。
    李坤崇(民90)。綜合活動學習領域教材教法。臺北市:心理。
    李園會(民88)。協同教學法。臺中市:作者自行出版。
    李春芳(民77)。協同教學法。載於黃光雄主編教學原理,154-165。臺北市:師大書苑。
    余民寧(民95)。潛在變項模式SIMPLIS的應用。臺北市:高等教育。
    呂翠夏(民90)。幼稚園的合作教學—以一個班級為例。台南師院學報,34,475-492。
    汪嘉龢(民63)。協同教學的實驗與研究。女師專學報,4,1-21。
    危芷芬(譯)﹙民74﹚。McAndrew Francis 著。環境心理學。臺北市:五南。
    林志忠(民90)。九年一貫課程與協同教學。輯於國立暨南國際大學教育學程中心主編
    「教育改革的微觀工程—小班教學與九年一貫課程」,179-202。高雄市:復文。
    林進材(民88)。教學理論與方法。臺北市:五南。
    林雅萍(民93)。語文領域協同教學的型態-以高雄縣實施為例。屏東教育大學國民教
    育研究所碩士論文。未出版,屏東市。
    柯啟瑤 (民88)。「協同教學」的初步認識。翰林文教雜誌,5,1-2。
    侯務葵、王慧婉(民88)。我們是一群女老師:集體認同與教育實踐的故事。應用心理研
    究,1,99-128頁。
    高強華 (民89)。 九年一貫課程革新與教師專業成長,中等教育雙月刊,52(1),136-148.
    高紅瑛( 民91)。國民小學實施協同教學問題解決之質性研究—以台北市一所小學為例。
    台北市立教育大學國民教育研究所碩士論文。未出版,臺北市。
    孫邦正(民60)。協同教學法。輯於雲五社會科學大辭典第八冊教育學。臺北市:商務。
    袁筱媛(民93﹚。學生宿舍中之領域性與私密性相關行為研究-以中原大學良善宿舍為
    例。中原大學室內設計學系碩士論文。未出版,中壢市。
    扈中平(2007)。教育目的中個人本位論與社會本位論對立的根源與歷史。97年 5月15
    日取自http://teacher.mzedu.com/jygl/2007-01-12/1168593487d672237.html
    程健教(民61)。論協同教學在今日教育上的地位。臺中師專學報,2,99-118。
    黃光雄(民77)。教學原理。臺北市:師大書苑。
    黃政傑(民86)。教學原理。臺北市:師大書苑。
    黃政傑、林佩璇(民88)。合作學習。臺北市:五南。
    陳益仁﹙民78﹚。從領域理論試探住宅之空間架構。成功大學建築研究所碩士論文。未出版,臺南市。
    曾慶忠﹙民89﹚。從角色認知結構探討辦公空間的領域行為。中原大學室內設計學系碩
    士論文。未出版,中壢市。
    黎煒(民89)。格式塔心理學原理。臺北縣:昭明出版社。
    蔡純華(民62)。協同教學面面觀。國教天地,3,12-13。
    張世忠(民89)。師資生間同儕教練與協同教學實施之探究。載於中華民國師範教育學
    會主編:願景與承諾—展望新世紀的師資培育,277-295。臺北市:台灣書店。
    張明貴(民89 )。從個人主義到集體主義 : 西洋傳統政治思想。臺北市:桂冠。
    張君玫(譯)(民86)。Michael Argyle, Adrian Firnham, Jean Ann Graham 著。社會情境。臺
    北市:巨流。
    張德銳、邱惜玄、高紅瑛、陳淑茗、管淑華、蕭福生 (民91)。協同教學—理論與實務。臺北市:五南
    張櫻戈 (民62 )。協同教學法述要。國民教育,19(6),14-16。
    張清濱 (民88)。怎樣實施協同教學。師友,387, 43-47。
    張謙允、曾慶忠﹙民91﹚。從角色認知結構探討辦公空間的領域行為。2002中原大學室
    內設計系學術研討會論文集。95年10月12日取自http://www.cycu.edu.tw/~idesign/seminar/001-14.html
    聶筱秋、胡中凡、唐筱雯、葉冠伶(譯)﹙民92﹚。Paul A. Bell; Thomas C. Greene; Jeffery D.
    Fisher; Anderew Baum著。環境心理學。臺北市:桂冠。
    徐磊青、楊公俠(民94)。環境心理學—環境知覺和行為。臺北市:五南。
    蕭福生(民88)。生動活潑的學習型態-協同教學。教師天地,102,52-57。
    蕭秀玲、莊慧秋、黃漢耀(譯)﹙民80﹚。環境心理學,183-217。臺北市:心理。
    錢 濤 (民63 )。協同教學法研究。教育輔導,24(8),18-23。
    蘇清守 (民65)。協同教學的型態與評價。師友,109,23-25。
    鄭博真(民91)。協同教學的基本概念、實務和研究。高雄市:復文。
    Abu-Ghazzeh. (2000). Environmental messages in multiple-family housing: territory and personalization. Landscape Research, 25(1), 97-115.
    Acheson, J.M., & Gardner, R.J. (2004). Strategies, conflict, and the emergence of
    territoriality: the case of the maine lobster industry. American Anthropologist ,106(2), 296-307.
    Albas, D., & Albas, C. (1989). Meaning in context: the impact of eye contact and perception
    of threat on proximity, The Journal of Social Psychology, 129 (4), 525–531.
    Aiello, J. R.(1987). Human spatial behavior. In D. Stokols and I. Altman (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Psychology(pp.359–504). New York: Wiley.
    Aiello, J. R, Vautier , J. , & Bernstein, M. (1983). Crowding stress: Impact of Social Support, Group Formation, and Control. Meetings of the American Psychological Association, Anaheim, August.
    Altman , I.(1975). Environment and Social Behavior: Privacy, personal space, territory, and
    crowing. CA:Brooks/Cole.
    Altman , I.﹙1977﹚. Privacy regulation: culturally universal or culturally specific? Journal of
    Social Issues, 33(3), 66-84.
    Altman, I. & Chemers, M. (1980). Culture and Environment, Monterey. CA :Brooks/Cole,
    Altman, I. & Chemers, M. (1984). Culture and Environment. Canbridge University Press.
    Acheson J.M, Gardner R.J. (2004). Strategies, conflict, and the emergence of territoriality: The case of the maine lobster lndustry. American Anthropologist, 106(2),296-307.
    Andereck, K.L. (1997). Territorial functioning in a tourism setting .Annals of Tourism Research, 24 (3), 706-720.
    Bakker, C. B. & Bakker-Rabdau, M. K. & Breit,S. (1978).The measurement of assertiveness and aggressiveness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 42, 277-284.
    Bakker, C. B. & Bakker-Rabdau, M. K. (1973). No Trespassing: Explorations in Human Territoriality. San Francisco, CA: Chandler & Sharp.
    Bakkenes, I., de Brabander, C., & Imants, J. (1999). Teacher isolation and communication network analysis in primary schools. Educational Administration Quarterly, 35(2), 166-202.
    Balgooyen, T. J. (1984). A group exercise in personal space. Small Group Behavior,15(4),553-563.
    Bandura, A. (1986). Social cognitive theory. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
    Baum A. and Paulus P. B. (1987). Crowding, In Stokols D., & Altman, I.(Eds.),Handbook of Environmental Psychology, 2, 533–570.
    Baum, A., & Paulus, P. B.(1987).Crowding. Handbook of Environmental Psychology ,2, 533-570.
    Baum, A., Fisher, J. D., & Solomon, S. K.(1981).Type of information, familiarity and the reduction of crowding stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40 ,11–23.
    Baum, A., & Valins, S.﹙1977﹚.Architecture and social behavior: Psychological Studies of Social Density. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    Baum, Calesnick, Davis, & Gatchel. (1982). Individual differences in coping with crowding: Stimulus screening and social overload. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 43, 821-830.
    Bearison, D. J. (1982). New directions in studies of social interactions and cognitive growth. In Serafica, F. C. (Ed), Social-cognitive development in context. New York: Guilford.
    Bell, P. A., Greene, T. C., Fisher, J. D., & Baum, A. (2001). Environmental Psychology, (5th Ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    Bleda, P., & Bleda, S. (1978). Effects of sex and smoking on reactions to spatial invasion at
    a shopping mall. Journal of Social Psychology, 104, 311–312.
    Bodzin, A. M., & Park, J. C. (1998). A study of preservice science teachers’ interactions with a
    web-based forum. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 3(1),? -?.
    Brantley P. S., & Gaikwad S.(1992).Teacher isolation :lonelinss in the classroom. Journal of Adventist Education. Retrieved January 15, 2006, from http:// Education.gc.adventist.org/jae/
    Brower, S. (1980). Territory in Urban Settings. In Altman et al. (Eds.), Human Behavior in the
    Environment: Advances in Theory and Research. New York: Plenum.
    Brown, B.B.﹙1987﹚. Territoriality. In Stokols, D., & Altman, I. (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Psychology, 1, 505-531. .New York : John Wiley & Sons.
    Brown, B.B., & Altman, I.﹙1981﹚. Territoriality and residential crime: a conceptual framework, In Brantingham, P. J.,& Brantingham, P. L. (Eds.) . Environmental Criminology, 55-76, Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
    Brown, C. E. (1981). Shared space invasion and race. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7, 103-108.
    Brown, Lawrence, & Robinson.(2005). Territoriality in Organization. Academy of Management Review, 30(3), 577-594.
    Buckley, F. J.(2000).Team Teaching:What,Why and How? Thousand Oaks:Sage.
    Buckley, F. J.(1999). Team teaching-what, why, and how? Thousand Oaks:Sage.
    Buffie, E. G.(1964). Potentials for team teaching in the junior high school. In D. W. Beggs, Ⅲ
    (Eds.), Team Teaching-Bold New Venture, 61-73. Bloomington & London, Indiana
    University Press.
    Buttimer, A. (1969). Social space in interdisciplinary perspective. Geographical Review, 59, 417-26.
    Campbell, A. ,Munce, S., & Galea, J.(1982). American gangs and british subcultures - A comparison. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology , 26 (1) ,76-92.
    Casey, V. M.(1964). A summary of team teaching-its patterns and potentials. In D. W. Beggs, Ⅲ
    (Eds.), Team Teaching-Bold New Venture, 164-178. Bloomington & London, Indiana University Press.
    Cashdan, E. A. (1983). Territoriality among human foragers: ecological models and an application to four bushman groups. Current Anthropology ,24, 47–66.
    Cookson, Jr. (2008).The Challenge of Isolation. Retrieved May 28, 2008, from
    http://www.teachingk-8.com/archives/your_first_year/the_challenge_of_isolation_by_peter_w_cookson_jr.html
    Deci, E.L., Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). Motivation and education: The self-determination perspective. Educational Psychologist, 26(3/4), 325-346.
    DuFour, R. (1999). Taking on loneliness. Journal of Staff Development, 21(1), 61-62.
    Dyson-Hudson, R., & Smith, E. A.(1978). Human Territoriality: An ecological reassessment. American Antnropologist, 80, 21-41.
    Edney, J. J.﹙1974﹚. Human Territoriality. Psychology Bulletin, 81(12), 959-973.
    Edney, J. J.﹙1975﹚. Territoriality and Control:a field experiment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 6, 1108-1115.
    Edney, J. J.﹙1976﹚.The Psychological role of property rights in Human Behavior. Environment and Planning, A﹙8﹚, 811-822.
    Edney, J.J., & Jordan-Edney, N.L. (1974). Territorial spacing on a beach, Sociometry ,37, 92-104.
    Escobar, A. (1998). Whose knowledge, whose nature? biodiversity, conservation, and the political ecology of social movements. J Polit Ecol , 5, 53–82.
    Ervin, N. E., & Dawkins, C. E.(1996) .Agency and research team co-operation: an exploration of human territoriality. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 23(4), 728-732.
    Finley, R. M. (1964). How team teaching fits into the elementary school. In D. W. Begg, Ⅲ(Eds.),
    Team Teaching—Bold New Venture(pp.50-60) . Blooming & London, Indiana University Press.
    Fisher, J.,& Baum, A.(1980). Situational and arousal based messages and the reduction of crowding stress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 191-201.
    Fisher,C., et. al.(1994). Classroom technology and the new pedagogy. Journal of Computing in Childhood Education, 5 (2) ,119-129.
    Fisher, J. D., & Solomon, S. K. (1981). Type of information, familiarity and the reduction of crowding stress. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(1), 11-23
    Firestone, I.J., Lichtman C.M. ,& Evans, J.R.(1980). Privacy and solidarity: effects of nursing home accommodation on environmental perception and sociability preferences. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 11, 229–241.
    Firseter, l.(1964).A Study of Organizational Forms of Team Teaching in the Public Elementary Schools in United States. The Columbia University. EDD. AAC6408640.
    Fraine, G.,Smith, S.G., Zinkiewicz,L., Chapman, R., & Sheehan, M.(2007). At home on the road? can drivers’relationships with their cars be associated with territoriality? Journal of
    Environmental Psychology, 27(3), 204-214
    Fusilier, M. R. ,& Hoyer, W. D. (1980). Variables affecting perceptions of invasion of privacy in
    a personnel selection situation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65,623-626.
    Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. (1993 tenth-anniversary ed.) New York: BasicBooks.
    Gifford, C. & Mullaney, J.(1997). From rhetoric to reality: Applying the communication standards to the classroom. Paper presented at the Northeast conference on the teaching of foreign language.
    Gifford R., & Sacilotto P. A. (1993). Social isolation and personal space: a field study.Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 25 (2), 165–174.
    Gordon, A. L., & Fine, R. A. (1996). Pathways of water between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Indonesian seas. Nature, 379, 146-149.
    Gramann, J. H., & Burdge, R. J. (1984). Crowding perception determinants at intensively developed outdoor recreation sites. Leisure Sciences, 6(2), 167-186.
    Greenbaum, P, E., & Greenbaun, S. D.(1981).Territorial personliztion: group idenity and social interaction in a slavi-American neighborhood. Environment and Behavior,13, 411-427.
    Hall ,E. T.(1966). The Hidden Dimension. New York : Doubleday.
    Haynes, B. P.(2007). The impact of the behavioural environment on office productivity. Journal of Facilities Management, 5(3), 158 - 171.
    Heider, K.L. (2005). Teacher isolation: how mentoring programs Can Help . Current Issues in Education, 8(14) , Retrieved June 23, 2005, from http://cie.ed.asu.edu/volume8/number14/
    Inger, M. (1993). Teacher Collaboration in Secondary Schools. Centerfocus Number 2. National
    Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA. Office of Vocational and Adult
    Education (Ed.), Washington, DC.
    Iwata, 0. (1980). Territoriality orientation, privacy orientation and locus of control as determinants
    of the perception of crowding. Japanese Psychological Research, 22, 319-335 .
    Jason, L.A., Reichler, A., & Rucker, W. (1981). Characteristics of significant dating relationships:
    Male versus female initiators, idealised versus actual settings. The Journal of Psychology, 109, 185-190.
    Joiner, T. E ., & Sache-Ericsson, N. (2001). Territoriality and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
    The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 15(6),471-499.
    Kalb, L. S., & Keating, J. P.﹙1981﹚.The measuresement of perceived crowding. Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 650-654.
    Karrholm, M.(2007). The materiality of territorial production: a conceptual discussion of territoriality,materiality, and the everyday life of public space. Space and Culture, 10(4), 437 - 453.
    Kaya, N., & Weber, M. J. (2003). Cross-cultural differences in the perception of crowding and privacy regulation: American and Turkish students. Journal of Environmental Psychology,
    23, 301-309.
    King, A. (1989). Verbal interaction and problem-solving within computer-assisted cooperative learning groups. Journal of Educational Computing Research. 5(1), 1-15.
    Kinney, J. M.,Parris-Stephens, M. A. & Brockmann, A.(1987). Personal and environmental correlates of territoriality and use of space. Environment and Behavior, 19, 722-737.
    Knapp, M. L. (1978). Nonverbal Communication in Human Interaction. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    Knowles, E. S. (1983). Social physics and the effects of others: tests of the effects of audience size
    and distance on social judgments and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1263-1279.
    Konar, E., Sundstrom, E., Brady, C., Mandel, D., & Rice, R. W. (1982) . Status demarcation
    in the office. Environment and Behavior, 14, 561 - 580.
    Lane, A. M.(1989). Incorporating health, safety, environmental, and ethical issues into the curriculum. Chemical Engineering Education, 23 (2), 70-74.
    Leimgruber, W.(2006). Boundaries and transborder relations, or the hole in the prison wall:on the necessity of superfluous limits and boundaries. Geo Journal , 64, 239-248.
    Long G. T., Selby J. W., & Calhoun L. G. (1980). Effects of situational stress and sex on interpersonal distance preference.The Journal of Psycology, 105, 231–237.
    Lotie, D. (1975). Schoolteacher: A sociological study. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Lyman, S. M., & Scott, M. B.(1967). Territoriality : a neglected sociological dimension. Social Problems, 15(4), 236-249.
    Malmberg , T.(1980).Human Territoriality. New York : Mouton.
    Mandal, M. K. & Maitra, S.(1985). Perception of facial effect and physical proximity. Perceptual
    and Motor Skills, 60, 782.
    Marshall, N. J. (1972). Privacy and environment. Human Ecology, 1, 93-110.
    McMahon, T. A.(2008).From Isolation to Interaction? Network-Based Professional Development and Patterns of Teacher Communication.
    (The ACM Portal is published by the Association for Computing Machinery. Copyright © 2008 ACM, Inc)
    Mercer, W., & Benjamin, M. L. (1980). Spatial behavior of university undergraduates in doubleoccupancy residence rooms: an inventory of effects. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 10, 32–44.
    Montano, D.,& Adamopoulos, I.﹙1984﹚.The perception of crowding in interpersonal situations: affective and behavioral responeses. Environment and Behavior, 16, 643-666.
    Neave, N., & Wolfson, S. (2003) Testosterone, territoriality and the home advantage. Physiology &
    Behavior, 78, 269--275.
    Norman, D. A. (1964). Stochastic learning and a quantal model of signal detection. Transactions of IEEE on Applications and Industry, 83, 292-296.
    Oja, S. N., & Smulyan, L.(1989). Collaborative Action Research: A Developmental Approach. London: Falmer.
    Omata, K. (1995) . Territorialityin the house and its relationship to the use of rooms and the psychological well-being of Japanses married women. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 15, 147–154.
    Palleschi, P., & Heim, P. (1980). The hidden barriers to team teaching. Training and Development Journal, 34 (7), 14-18.
    Paslawskyj, L., & Ivinskis, A.(1980).Dominance, Agonistic and Territorial Behaviour in Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Patients. Australian Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 6 (1) ,17-24.
    Patterson,A.H., & Chiswick,N.R. (1981). The role of the social and physical environment in privacy maintenance among the lban of Borneo. Journal of Environmetal Psychology, 1, 131-139.
    Pederson, D. M. (1979). Dimensions of privacy. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 48, 1291-1297.
    Pedersen, D. M. (1982). Dimensions of privacy factors. Perceptual and Motor Skills,55, 57-58.
    Pugach, M. C., & Johnson, L. J. (1995). Unlocking expertise among classroom teachers through structured dialogue: Extending research on peer collaboration. Exceptional Children, 62(2),
    101-110.
    Reigeluth, C. M. (1983). Instructional-design theories and models. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Rich, D. (1988). Bridging the parent gap in ed- ucation reform. Educational Horizons, 66, 90- 92.
    Riley, J. F. (2001). Team Teaching in Elementary School: A Long-Term Qualitative Study of Teacher Planning and Decision-Making. Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational research Association, Little Rock, Arkansas, 11, 14, 2001.
    Ruback, R.B., & N. Kohli (2005). Territoriality at the Magh Mela: the effects of organizational factors and intruder characteristics. Environment and Behavior, 37(2), 178-200.
    Ruback, R.B., & Juieng, D. (1997). Territorial defense in parking lots: retaliation against waiting drivers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27(9),821-834
    Ruback, R. B., Pape,K. D., & Doriot, P.(1989). Waiting for a phone: intrution on callers lead lead to territorial defense. Social Psychology, 52, 232-241.
    Sack , R. D.(1983). Human territoriality : a theory. Annals of the Association of American Georaphers, 73, 55-74.
    Sack , R. D.(1986). Human Territoriality : Its Theory and History. New York : Cambridge University Press.
    Salari, S., Brown, B., & Eaton, J.(2006). Conflicts, friendship cliques and territorial displays in senior center environment. Journal of Aging Studies, 20(3), 237-252.
    Schler, D. J.(1988). Human territoriality: its theory and history. Contemporary Sociology, 17(2). 205-206.
    Schiavo,R. S.,Kobashi,K., Quinn, C., Sefsick, A., & Synn, K. M.(1994). Territorial influnces on the persmenbility of group spatial boundaries. The Journal of Social Psychology,135(1),27-29.
    Schofer, J. P.(1975). Territoriality at the micro-,meso-,and macro-scales, Journal of Geography, 74(3), 151-158.
    Schwartz, B., & Barsky, S. F. (1977). The Home Advantage. Social Foces, 55, 641-661.
    Schaeffer, G. H., & Patterson, M. L. (1980). Intimacy, arousal and small group crowding. Journal of Personal and Social Psychology, 38, 283-290.
    Sebba, R., & Churchman, A. (1983). Territories and territoriality in the home. Environment and Behavior,15, 191–210.
    Shoham, S., & Shemer-Shalman, Z. (2003), "Territorial behavior in the school library", School Libraries Worldwide, 9(2), 1-23.
    Simon, D. (1998). Globalization or Global Apartheid? Boundaries and Knowledge in Postmodern Times. Geopolitics, 3(1), 132-150.
    Singer, I.J.(1964). What team teaching really is. In D. W. Beggs, Ⅲ(Eds.), Team Teaching-Bold
    New Venture(13-28). Bloomington & London, Indiana University Press.
    Skorjans, A. D. (1991). Differences in interpersonal distance among nonoffenders as a function of perceived violence of offenders. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 73, 659-662.
    Slavin, R. (1992). When and why does cooperative learning increase achievement? Theoretical and empirical perspectives. In Hertz-Lazarowitz, R., & Miller, N. (Eds.), Interaction in cooperative groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
    Sommer, R.﹙1969﹚.Personal Space: The Behavioral Basis of Design. Englewood Cliffs. NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    Smith, H. W. (1981). Territoriality spacing on a beach revisited: a cross-national exploration. Social Psychology Quarterly, 44, 132-137.
    Stea, D. (1978). Space, territory and human movement. In. Proshanky, H. M. et al.(Eds.),Environmental psychology: man and his physical space(pp.37-42). New York: Holt
    Rinehart and Winston.
    Stokols, D. (1978). A Typology of crowding iexperience. In a Baum and Y.M. Epstein﹙Eds.﹚, Human Response to Crowding. Hillsdale, NJ:Erlbaum..
    Sunstrom, E.(1986). Work Places: The Psychology of the Psysical Environment in Offices and Factories. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Sunstrom, E.(1986). Work Environments: Offices and Factories. In Altman & D. Stokels(Eds.). Handbook of Environmental Psychology, 733-782. New York:Wliey.
    Taylor, R.B.,& Brooks, D.K. (1980).Temporary territories? Responses to intrusions in a public territory. Population and Environment, 3, 135–145.
    Taylor, R.B.,& Ferguson, G. (1980).Solitude and intimacy: Linking territoriality and privacy experiences, Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 4, 227–239.
    Taylor, R. B., & Stough, R. R.﹙1978﹚.Territorial Coginition: Assessing Altman’s Typology.
    Journaln of Soial Psychology, 34, 418-423.
    Taylor , R. B.(1988).Human Territorial Functioning. NY: Cambridge University.
    The North Nevada Writing Project. Teacher-Research Group (1996)
    Tomchek, D.(1964). A teacher comments on team taching. In D. W. Beggs. In D. W. Beggs,
    ,Ⅲ(Eds.), Team Teaching-Bold New Venture, 118-130, Bloomongton & London, Indiana University Press.
    Toynolic, J. (1980). Differenes in women’s and ma’s responses to domestic space.
    Sex Role, 6, 833-842.
    Trump, L. J., & Miller, D. F.(1968).Secondary School Curriclum Improvement. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
    Trusty, F. M.(1964). An administrator looks at team teaching. In D. W. Beggs, Ⅲ(Eds.), Team Teaching-Bold New Venture, 131-144, Bloomongton & London, Indiana University Press.
    Ugwnegbu, D. C., & Anusiem, A. U. (1982). Effects of stress on interpersonal distance in a simulated interview situation. Journal of Social Psychology, 116, 3-7.
    Veitch, R., & , Akkelin, D.(1995).Environmental Psychology. NJ:Prentice-Hall.
    Vinsel, A., Brown, B. B., Altman, I. & Foss, C. (1980). Privacy regulation, territorial displays,
    and effectiveness of in-dividual functioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39,1104–1115.
    Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). In M., Cole, V. John-Steiner, S. Scribner & E. Souberman (Eds.), Mind in Society: the Development of Higher Psychological Processes, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    Westin, A.F. (1967). Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum.
    Westin, A. F.(1970). Privacy and freedom. New York: Atheneum.
    Wittrock, M. C. (1978). The cognitive movement in instruction. Educational Psychology, 13, 15-29.
    Wolfe, M. (1978). Childhood and privacy. In Altman, I.& Wohlwill, J.F. (Eds.).Children and the
    Environment. New York: Pleum Press.
    Wollman, N. ,Kelly , B.M.,& Bordens, K.S. (1994).Environmental and intrapersonal predictors of reactions to potential territorial intrusions in the workplace. Environment and Behavior ,26, 179–194.
    Womble, P., & Stacy, S. (1981). Crowding in a national park campground. Environment and Behavior, 13(5), 557-573.
    Worchel, S. (1993). Conflict Between People and Groups: Causes, processes and Resolutions.
    Nelson Hall, U.S.
    Worchel, S., & Lollis, M.(1982). Reactions to territorial contamination as a function of culture.
    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8, 370–375.
    Zigmond, N., & Magiera, K. (2001). Current practice alerts: A focus on co-teaching: use with caution. Alerts, 6, 1-4.
    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    教育研究所
    87152503
    96
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0087152503
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Education] Theses

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    15250301.pdf99KbAdobe PDF1079View/Open
    15250302.pdf202KbAdobe PDF1059View/Open
    15250303.pdf144KbAdobe PDF1076View/Open
    15250304.pdf227KbAdobe PDF1063View/Open
    15250305.pdf372KbAdobe PDF1279View/Open
    15250306.pdf1258KbAdobe PDF3198View/Open
    15250307.pdf359KbAdobe PDF1184View/Open
    15250308.pdf1682KbAdobe PDF1247View/Open
    15250309.pdf252KbAdobe PDF1056View/Open
    15250310.pdf282KbAdobe PDF1838View/Open
    15250311.pdf323KbAdobe PDF1042View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback